08 Dez Ethiopia Dam Agreement
Given that the conflict between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan over GERD appears to be one of the most pressing issues in the region, it may be desirable to focus on ensuring a trilateral agreement that will initially guarantee peace between these three countries. Other riparian countries may then be brought into the country either through the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) or another regional framework in order to reach a binding agreement for all states. While Egypt and Sudan are likely to oppose efforts to involve other upstream residents in negotiations or to allow a regional organization such as ICE to serve as an enforcement body, they must understand that the Nile is a regional river and that its management must be approached from a regional perspective. The closure of the dam without agreement could lead to a critical moment. Both Egypt and Ethiopia have indicated military measures to protect their interests, and experts fear that a failure of the talks could lead to open conflict. Improved relations between Egyptians, Ethiopians and Sudanese can, to a large extent, enable their leaders to negotiate and adopt agreements that reflect the interests of citizens, particularly with regard to economic development and poverty reduction. As a result, Ethiopians and Egyptians understand and appreciate the challenges they face, particularly in the areas of water security, climate change, food production and the fight against poverty, when they regularly interact with each other and participate in bottom-up, participatory and more inclusive approaches to resolving their conflicts. Both citizens and governments should be part of the solution to the water-related conflicts that now threaten peace and security in the Nile Basin. We combine other issues in negotiations and lions to expand the bargaining currency and create values. Areas of mutual interest that may be related to these negotiations may include trade agreements; Defence contracts Understanding educational and cultural exchanges The exchange of agricultural technologies and skills; Tourism Managing other natural resources Cooperation in the fight against terrorism and piracy.