13 Apr The Eu Turkey Agreement
The 2016 Migration Agreement was a package comprising a migrant resettlement programme in the EU; Visa exemption for Turkish citizens in the Schengen area; modernisation of the EU-Turkey customs union; speeding up Turkey`s EU accession negotiations; and an indefinite provision on EU-Turkey cooperation to improve humanitarian conditions in Syria. Due to the reluctance of EU member states, only 25,000 Syrians have been relocated from Turkey to the 27-member bloc in the four years since the agreement came into force. In December 2013, following the signing of a readmission agreement, the EU began a dialogue with Turkey on visa liberalisation, which should include a “roadmap for visa-free travel”.  After the 2015 G20 summit in Antalya, Turkey, in November 2015, Turkey`s EU accession negotiations took a new initiative, including the goal of lifting the visa requirement for Turkish citizens.  The EU welcomed Turkey`s commitment to accelerate the implementation of the benchmarks of the visa roadmap set by participating EU Member States.  A joint action plan has been drawn up with the European Commission, which has developed a roadmap with certain benchmarks for the abolition of the visa requirement.  The agreement called for the abolition of visas for Turkish citizens within one year if certain conditions are met.  While the Turkish government needed a public relations victory, it had deeper motivations for opening borders. Ankara said the measure would put pressure on the European Union to support its orientation in Idlib and to provide additional funds to Syrian refugees in Turkey.
It also sought to force the EU to comply with its obligations under a March 2016 agreement by which Turkey limits the number of migrants entering Europe in exchange for refugee aid and other promises. On 20 March 2016, a formal agreement between the EU and Turkey to deal with the migration crisis came into force. The agreement is expected to limit the influx of irregular migrants entering the EU via Turkey. A key aspect of the agreement is the return to Ankara, the Turkish capital, of irregular migrants, who are found to have entered the EU via Turkey without having already been the subject of a formal asylum application procedure.